This is when joints are very lax and the patient is hypermobile or 'double jointed'.
Pain is associated with too much joint movement and can affect any joint. There can be associated symptoms such as shortness of breath, bowel disturbances, fatigue or weakness and undiagnosed chest pains.
It is associated with the tissue collagen which is found in all soft tissues. Collagen formation in hypermobility syndrome is poor leading to ligaments and muscles being more flexible than normal. Often the Beighton Score is used to diagnose whether someone has hypermobility syndrome.
This is an inherited condition so prevention is impossible. Knowing your limits and taking advice from a physiotherapist will help.
Physiotherapy treatment will involve functional analysis and strengthening exercises. Often by finding poor movement patterns and correcting these patients can lead a life which is alot more comfortable.